Author Archives: M. A. Salazar

About M. A. Salazar

I am from Los Lunas, New Mexico and I am an enrolled member of the Pueblo of Laguna. I currently attend Haskell Indian Nations University in Lawrence, Kansas. My major is American Indian Studies and after graduating in May of 2012, I plan to attend law school. I want to join the fight for equality and human rights in Indian Country.

My tribe and treaties

Treaties are documents that formalize a nation to nation relationship (Dr. Julia Good Fox, lecture notes, Februrary 15, 2011).

There were over 400 treaties made between Native tribes and the United States. In reality, many of those treaties were fiction.

My Tribe:

There are no treaties between the Pueblo of Laguna and the United States.

Pueblo of Laguna Tribal Government Profile

Pueblo of Laguna Constitution and Bylaws

Peublo of Laguna Tribal Court

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Posted by on March 1, 2011 in Uncategorized


Trust Responsibility, what is it?

The Trust Responsibility is a legal obligation the United States has to protect tribes’ assets and provide services to the Indians.  The United States is the trustee and the tribes are the beneficiaries.  In federal law, Trust obligations include health, education, and other services.  Trust Responsibility is more of an agreement than a welfare program.

Other sources:

Trust Responsibility

The Federal Trust Responsibility In A Self-Determination Era

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Posted by on February 22, 2011 in Uncategorized


My tribe, Pueblo of Laguna

With a population of about 7,700, Laguna Pueblo is one of the largest Keresan pueblos and upon completion of the mission church was recognized as such by the Spanish government on July 4, 1699. Historians believe the ancestors of the pueblo have occupied the Laguna homelands since at least A.D. 1300. Pueblo history teaches the occupation since time immemorial.Laguna Pueblo in New Mexico

The area around the villages produced evidence that archaic Indians lived there as far back as 3000 B.C. As was Acoma, Laguna seems to have been a boundary between the Ancestral Pueblo people to the north and Mogollón cultures to the south. When the Spanish arrived in the 1500s, they found an agrarian lifestyle and sophisticated system of self-governance.

The pueblo consists of six villages (Encinal, Laguna, Mesita, Paguate, Paraje and Seama) with a total population of 3,815 people, according to Census 2000 figures. The pueblo is located 45 miles (71 km) west of Albuquerque off I-40 and 31 miles east of Grants. Each community within the pueblo celebrates its own feast day and on Sept. 19 all the villages celebrate the Feast of St. Joseph. Dances follow a Mass and hundreds of booths native arts and crafts for viewing and purchase.

The rest of the year pottery and other traditional crafts are available from pueblo members in the village, I-40 scenic view (M.M. 114) and the Dancing Eagle Supermarket located at MM 108. This is also the location of the pueblo-operated Dancing Eagle Casino and Travel Center.

The interstate and Historic Route 66 bisect the heart of the 42-square-mile pueblo lands. Visitors are encouraged to visit the St. Joseph/San José Mission Church, which can be seen from I-40.

Please note that photography, sketching and audio/video taping are generally not allowed on Laguna land. Ask any of the village officials if permission can be granted for a limited scope or area.

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Posted by on February 22, 2011 in Uncategorized


This is the kind of comedic relief we need at HINU!

Goin’ Native; The American Indian Comedy Slam, “No Reservations Needed”. Seven Native American Comedians brought together for the first time on one stage. If you want to see this historical comedy show, call your local Indian Casino and ask to speak to a tribal member and ask them to book this show and support live Native American Comedy. If they don’t, who will? Contact them at (424) 245-6223 or at

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Posted by on February 17, 2011 in Uncategorized


5 Key Areas AIS Practitioners Should Know

5 Key Areas
  1. Knowledge of the AIS academic discipline
  2. Knowledge of Federal Indian Policy
  3. General knowledge of contemporary tribal/Indian problems
  4. Tribal language knowledge
  5. Knowledge of Law and Society
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Posted by on February 17, 2011 in Uncategorized